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A Priest Born of Wartime Occupation: Li Tim-Oi of China

As part of Resolution 21-04 of our diocesan convention in 2021, we agreed to lift up the stories of Asians, to protect Asians from racist persecution, and to nurture understanding of Asian peoples and cultures through prayer and liturgy, among other ways. One of the great heroes of the Anglican Communion is Li Tim-Oi of China, the first woman to be ordained to the priesthood in the Anglican Communion. And yet, few people know her story.

Li Tim-Oi became a Christian as a young woman in Hong Kong and chose the baptismal name of Florence after Florence Nightingale, the famous nurse known as the Lady of the Lamp. Florence Li Tim-Oi became another Lady of the Lamp, bearing the light of Christ into war-torn territories. And so it is fitting that we share these materials on the Feast of the Epiphany.

Li Tim-Oi was first ordained a deacon on Ascension Day in 1941. Her diocese was Macau, which was occupied by the Japanese during World War II. By 1944, the Anglican Church was reluctant to send male priests behind enemy lines into Macau, and so Li Tim-Oi conducted worship services, burials, weddings, and baptisms and arranged for food and clothing for the poorest in her diocese.

Recognizing her priestly gifts, Bishop Raymond Hall of Hong Kong ordained her as a priest to add sacramental duties to her very full plate, acknowledging that she was the only person willing to serve in the most dangerous of territories. He informed the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Temple, explaining that he was doing this out of dire need.

When the war ended, controversy erupted over the ordination of a woman to the priesthood, and to spare her bishop trouble, Li Tim-Oi agreed to surrender her priest’s license—but not her priestly orders. She continued to serve the church in China until the Communist Revolution, and for decades she was persecuted in reeducation camps for her Christian beliefs and practices.

Eventually, she was allowed to leave China, and she moved to Canada in 1983. By that time, the Anglican Church in Canada was ordaining women, and she joyfully resumed her priestly duties.

How can we lift up and celebrate this brave and groundbreaking priest who went where others feared to tread? She was as fearless as Archbishop Desmond Tutu and the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.—but without the news coverage.

Here are some thoughts. She is honored with a feast day on January 24 in the Book of Lesser Feasts and Fasts, where you will find a collect and readings to share during a Daily Office.

We can incorporate stories about her in our church newsletters, in sermons, in small group discussions, in Bible studies, and in youth group meetings. Here’s the longest online biography of her.

We can pray for the vocations of more Asians to both lay and ordained leadership positions in the Anglican Communion. And we can donate to the Li Tim-Oi Foundation, which was founded to fund the theological education and training of women in the Two-Thirds World.

Almighty God, who pours out your Spirit upon your sons and daughters: Grant that we, following the example of your servant Florence Li Tim-Oi, chosen priest in your church, may with faithfulness, patience, and tenacity proclaim your holy gospel to all the nations, through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, in glory everlasting. Amen.



Category: #Advocacy, #Evangelism

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3 replies to “A Priest Born of Wartime Occupation: Li Tim-Oi of China

  1. Margaret Liggett | on January 7, 2022

    She indeed was brave to remain in a place where she was in danger but her Bishop was brave as well, stepping outside of the box to do something that was technically forbidden for the benefit of the people. Hurrah for him!

  2. Margaret Bookwalter | on January 8, 2022


    Nice tribute to Florence Li Tim-Oi. I have read about her. I have
    been aware of her for some time. I am glad to see her recognized for her
    contributions to the church, to the people of China. I hope we shall see more
    of her.

    Margaret Bookwalter

  3. Steve Moore | on January 14, 2024

    Every year I look forward to celebrating her life and contribution to humanity. We will celebrate next Sunday the Rev Florence Li Tim-Oi and the Philadelphia 11 at St Paul in the Desert with all women leading the service. Our guest will be Nancy Wittig, one of the Philadelphia 11. Join us in service online at http://www.stpaulsps.org at 10:30 pac time.

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